A. Mind and theory
Freud divides the mind into consciousness, preconsciousness and unconsciousness. Of the three aspects of consciousness, unconsciousness is the most dominant and most important in determining human behavior (the analogy with an iceberg). In the unsconscious stored memories of childhood, a great psychic energy and instinct. Preconsciousness acts as a bridge between the conscious and unconscious, contains a memory or idea that can be accessed at any time. Consciousness is just a small part of the mind, but the only part that has direct contact with reality.
Freud developed the concept of mind in the above structure by developing 'mind apparatus', which is known to the structure of Freud's personality and become konstruknya most importantly, the id, ego and super ego.
Id is the most fundamental structure of personality, wholly unconscious and work according to the pleasure principle, the purpose of immediate fulfillment.
The ego develops from the id, the personality structure that controls consciousness and make decisions on human behavior. Superego, the ego develops from the time people know the value of moral good and bad.
Superego reflects social values and individual awareness of moral insistion. In the event of breach of value, the superego punishes the ego with a sense of false cause.
Ego is always facing the tension between the demands of the id and superego. If these demands are not managed properly addressed, then the ego is threatened and comes anxiety (anxiety). In order to save themselves from threats, perform ego defensive reaction / self defense. This is known as a kind mecahnism defense can vary, al repression.
B. Freud’s Donations
Position the firm as well as showing a deterministic laws of behavior, meaning that human behavior can be predicted.
Freud also examines cultural products of glasses psychoanalysis, such as poetry, drama, painting, and others. Therefore he also contributed to the analysis of works of art.
As the first person who touches the psychology concepts such as the role of unconsciousness (unconsciousness), anxiety, motivation, development of theoretical approaches to explain the structure of personality.
C. Criticism of Freud
Method of study that are considered less reliable, hard systematically tested and highly subjective
Construct-construct his theory is also difficult to scientifically tested so questionable scholarship. Some even considered the concept of fiction, such as the Oedipus complex
For the flow of behaviorist, which made Freud was studying the intervening variable
Rabu, 26 Oktober 2011
A. Mind and theory
Senin, 21 Februari 2011
PENCEMARAN UDARA DI DARAT
A. Latar Belakang
Sekitar 16,8 persen dari total penduduk Indonesia mengalami gangguan pendengaran pada 1996. Survei yang dilakukan Kementerian Kesehatan bekerja sama dengan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia terhadap 20.000 orang di tujuh provinsi itu mencatat bahwa sekitar 38 juta penduduk Indonesia terganggu pendengarannya.
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Label: Ilmu Alamiah Dasar
HUBUNGAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIOLOGI DENGAN SEGI-SEGI YANG ADA DI KEHIDUPAN SERTA PENGERTIAN ONTOLOGI, EPITEMOLOGI, DAN AKSIOLOGIDiposkan oleh Mocha Rosy di 06.51